This ten minute video by the Legal Facts Access Centre explains how the Court hierachy,the jurisdiction of courts and tribunals, and how courts can make new law by interpreting legislation, filling gaps in legislation, and establishing the popular law when there is no legislation. Frequent law created in England, influenced by Anglo-Saxon law and to a significantly lesser extent by the Norman conquest of England , which introduced legal concepts from Norman law , which, in turn, had its origins in Salic law Widespread law was later inherited by the Commonwealth of Nations , and pretty much each and every former colony of the British Empire has adopted it ( Malta getting an exception).
The British constitution is indistinct in that there is no way to inform no matter if ‘ordinary’ laws are in conflict with these forming aspect of the constitution (despite the fact that due to the fact two October 2000 the courts may perhaps declare that a unique statute (although still valid) is incompatible with the Human Rights Act 1998 The constitution is unentrenched in that any element may perhaps be changed by an Act of Parliament passed in specifically the very same way as any other piece of legislation.
By contrast a big quantity have secular systems, and this feature might be constructed into their legal structure, as in the 1958 French and the 1993 Russian constitutions, or the very first words of the Very first Amendment to the American Constitution, which came into force in 1789: ‘Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion’.
Canon law regulates the internal ordering of the Catholic Church , the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Anglican Communion Canon law is amended and adapted by the legislative authority of the church, such as councils of bishops, single bishops for their respective sees, the Pope for the entire Catholic Church, and the British Parliament for the Church of England.
Their Lordships regard the use of precedent as an indispensable foundation upon which to decide what is the law and its application to person situations. The original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India extends to -disputes among the Government of India and 1 or a lot more States. By 1860 all the colonies, apart from Western Australia, had been granted partial self-government by Britain (Western Australia became self-governing in 1890). For instance, Nigeria operates largely on a common law system, but incorporates religious law. The Lieutenant Governor of each province provides royal assent for laws passed by provincial legislatures.